1.12 RTEMS Operating System


2012-02-20Publicerad av Sven-Åke Andersson

Introduction


The Real-Time Executive for Multiprocessor Systems or RTEMS is a full featured RTOS that supports a variety of open API and interface standards. It work well on a wide range of embedded targets using cross development from a variety of hosts including GNU/Linux, MS-Windows, FreeBSD, Mingw, Cygwin, and Solaris.

LEON32 RTEMS Cross Compilation System (RCC)



We will start by downloading the cross compiler system (RCC) for LEON3. RCC allows cross-compilation of RTEMS C/C++ applications for LEON4, LEON3, LEON2 and ERC32. Using the gdb debugger, it is possible to perform source-level symbolic debugging, either on the TSIM simulator or using real target hardware. 




 
First we will download and study the RCC-1-2-0 Users's Manual. Then we click the Download link and choose bin and linux and download: sparc-rtems-4.10-gcc-4.4.6-1.2.0-linux.tar.bz2

 



 

 Installation of RCC


The RCC directory tree is compiled to reside in the /opt/rtems-4.10 directory on all platforms. After obtaining the bzipped tarfile with the binary distribution, uncompress and untar it in a suitable location - if this is not /opt/ rtems-4.10 then a link have to be created to point to the location of the RCC directory. The distribution can be installed with the following commands:

cd /opt
sudo cp  ...../sparc-rtems-4.10-gcc-4.4.6-1.2.0-linux.tar.bz2 . 
sudo bunzip2
sparc-rtems-4.10-gcc-4.4.6-1.2.0-linux.tar.bz2
sudo tar xfv 
sparc-rtems-4.10-gcc-4.4.6-1.2.0-linux.tar


Here is the result:

 


 
 
After the compiler is installed add the path: /opt/rtems-4.10/bin to your PATH variable in the .profile file.

 

Using RCC
 

Compilation and debugging of applications is typically done in the following steps:
 

  1. Compile and link program with gcc
  2. Debug program using a simulator (gdb connected to TSIM/GRSIM)
  3. Debug program on remote target (gdb connected to GRMON)
  4. Create boot-prom for a standalone application with mkprom2

Compiling a RTEMS application



To compile and link an RTEMS application, use ‘sparc-rtems-gcc’:  sparc-rtems-gcc -g -O2 PrimeNumbers.c -o PrimeNumbers

RCC creates executables for LEON3/4 by default. The default load address is start of RAM: 0x40000000 for LEON2/3/4



 

Use GRMON to load and run the program.




 

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